martes, 20 de octubre de 2009
Sun Ra (clic here Wiki) (birth name: Herman Poole Blount, legal name Le Sony'r Ra; (b. May 22, 1914 - May 30, 1993) was born in Birmingham, Alabama. He was a prolific jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, poet and philosopher known for his "cosmic philosophy," musical compositions and performances.
"Of all the jazz musicians, Sun Ra was probably the most controversial," critic Scott Yanow said, due to Sun Ra's eclectic music and unorthodox lifestyle. Claiming that he was of the "Angel Race" and not from Earth, but from Saturn, Sun Ra developed a complex persona of "cosmic" philosophies and lyrical poetry that made him a pioneer of afrofuturism as he preached awareness and peace above all. He abandoned his birth name and took on the name and persona of Sun Ra (Ra being the ancient Egyptian god of the sun), and used several other names throughout his career, including Le Sonra and Sonny Lee. Sun Ra denied any connection with his birth name, saying "That's an imaginary person, never existed … Any name that I use other than Ra is a pseudonym."
From the mid-1950s to his death, Sun Ra led "The Arkestra" (a deliberate re-spelling of "orchestra"), an ensemble with an ever-changing lineup and name (it was also called "The Solar Myth Arkestra", "His Cosmo Discipline Arkestra", the "Blue Universe Arkestra", "The Jet Set Omniverse Arkestra", and many other permutations; Sun Ra asserted that the ever-changing name of his ensemble reflected the ever-changing nature of his music.) His mainstream success was limited, but Sun Ra was a prolific recording artist and frequent live performer, Sun Ra's music ranged from keyboard solos to big bands of over 30 musicians; his music touched on virtually the entire history of jazz, from ragtime to swing music, from bebop to free jazz; he was also a pioneer of electronic music, space music, and free improvisation, and was one of the first musicians, regardless of genre, to make extensive use of electronic keyboards.
Herman Sonny Blount (clic aquí Wiki) (Birmingham - Alabama, 22 de mayo de 1914 - 30 de mayo de 1993), Sun Ra, músico estadounidense de jazz. Figura destacada de la vanguardia jazzística (en sus vertientes experimental, de free jazz y de fusión), tocó el órgano, el piano y el teclado, además de liderar la Sun Ra Arkestra.
Sun Ra fue igualmente un prolífico escritor de poesías, que aparecían en las portadas de los discos o en fanzines editados por él mismo.
Self-Portrait. 1926. Lead pencil on paper. 44.6 x 35.9 cm. The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia.
Square in a Provincial Town. 1926. Italian and lead pencil on paper. 51.2 x 36.6 cm.
Still Life. Colored Bottles and Planes. 1918. Oil and plaster on canvas. 59.5 x 43.5 cm.
Still Life. Mixed technique on paper. 62.5 x 47 cm. The Museum of Russian Art. Erevan, Armenia.
Nathan Isaevich Altman (clic here Wiki) (Russian Натан Исаевич Альтман; December 22 [O.S. December 10] 1889 – December 12, 1970) was a Russian avant-garde artist, Cubist painter, stage designer and book illustrator.
Jean-Marie Fruchard (1788-1872), Deputy. 1833. Colored clay. Musée d'Orsay
Jean-Ponce-Guillaume Viennet (1777-1868), Deputy, Peer of France and Academician. 1832-33. Colored clay.
Laurent Cunin, Also Called Cunin-gridaine, (1787-1859), Deputy and Peer of France. 1832. Colored clay. Musée d'Orsay
The Barbary Sheep, Ammotragus lervia, (clic here Wiki) also known as Waddan, is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) native to rocky mountains in North Africa. Six subspecies have been described. Although it is rare in its native North Africa, it has been introduced to North America, southern Europe and elsewhere.
El arruí o arrui (clic aquí para Wiki) (Ammotragus lervia) es un bóvido de la subfamilia Caprinae nativo de las zonas rocosas del Sáhara y el Magreb, del género monotípico Ammotragus. Asimismo, comienza a abundar en fincas privadas de caza, en donde es más difícil enumerar su presencia. Los nombres arruí y aoudad, como se le conoce en varias lenguas europeas, proceden del idioma bereber.