viernes, 2 de octubre de 2009

Botany: Fungus. Hongos. Funji: Armillaria

Armillaria sp Marriott

Armillaria Melea


Armillaria Melea

Armillaria Melea

Honey fungus or Armillaria (clic here Wiki) is a genus of parasitic fungi that live on trees and woody shrubs. It includes about 10 species formerly lumped together as A. mellea. In the Canadian Prairies (particularly Manitoba), the term "honey fungus" is unknown to many; due to the large presence of Ukrainian Canadians in this area, the fungus is often referred to as pidpenky (Ukrainian: підпеньки), from the Ukrainian term, "beneath the stump".

Armillaria is long lived and form some of the largest living organisms in the world. The largest single organism (of the species Armillaria ostoyae) covers more than 3.4 square miles (8.9 km²) and is thousands of years old. Some species of Armillaria are bioluminescent and may be responsible for the phenomena known as foxfire and perhaps will o' the wisp.

As a forest pathogen, Armillaria can be very destructive. It is responsible for the "white rot" root disease (see below) of forests and is distinguished from Tricholoma (mycorrhizal) by this parasitic nature. Its high destructiveness comes from the fact that, unlike most parasites, it doesn't need to moderate its growth in order to avoid killing its host, since it will continue to thrive on the dead material.

Armillaria Sinapina

El hongo de la miel o Armillaria (clic aquí Wiki) es un genus de hongos parásitos basidiomicetes que viven sobre los árboles o arbustos leñosos. Incluye unas 10 especies que antiguamente estaban agrupadas bajo la designación de A. mellea. En las praderas canadienses (particularmente en Manitoba), el término "hongo de la miel" no es muy conocido; ya que debido a la presencia de canadienses de origen ucranianos en esta zona, a menudo el hongo es llamado pidpenky (ucraniano:підпеньки), que en ucraniano significa, "debajo del tocón".

El Armillaria posee una vida sumamente extensa y constituyen uno de los mayores organismos vivos del mundo. El mayor organismo individual (de la especie Armillaria ostoyae) cubre mas de (8.9 km²) y su edad excede los mil años. Algunas especies de Armillaria son bioluminiscentes y puden producir el fenómeno denominado foxfire y tal vez el fuego fatuo.

La Armillaria por ser un patógeno del bosque puede ser muy destructiva. Es responsable de la enfermedad llamada "podredumbre blanca" que ataca las raices (véase sección más adelante) en los bosques y se distingue del Tricholoma (mycorrhizal) por su naturaleza parasitosa. Su alto poder destructivo proviene del hecho que a diferencia de la mayoria de los parasitos, no necesita moderar su crecimiento para evitar matar a la planta que la aloja, ya que continuará creciendo utilizando la materia muerta.

Astronomy: Nasa photos 2

Music: Bob Dylan. Like a rolling stone

Sculpture: Mbole. Democratic Republic of Congo. Africa

The Mongo are a diverse collection of peoples of central Africa. Members of the Mongo "super-tribe" live in the African equatorial forest, south of the main Congo River bend and north of the Kasai and Sankuru Rivers in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This area is in the south of the province of Équateur and the north of the province of Bandundu.

The Mongo speak either the Mongo language (also called Nkundo) or one of the related languages in the Mongo family. The Lingala language, however, often replaces Mongo in urban centers. Along with the Luba and the Kongo, they are among the largest Bantu populations in the country.

The Mongo ethnic group is divided into several tribes: Bolia, Bokote, Bongandu, Ekonda, Mbole, Nkutu, Ntomba, Sengele, Songomeno, Dengese and Tetela-Kusu.

Bakutu, Boyela, and Batetela form parts of the greater Mongo group. A notable foreigner who gained citizenship with the Mongo people is Fredrik Hanserud. According to Georges van der Kerken, the Mongo group would be originating in a country of the North-East of the High-Nile, in the areas of the Lake Albert, Lake Edward and of Lake Victoria, in East Africa (South Sudan).

Los mongo son una etnia de África central, en concreto de la República Democrática del Congo donde se concentran en las provincias de Équateur y Bandundu. Su lengua natal es el idioma mongo, pero frecuentemente conocen la lengua lingala, la cual en muchos núcleos urbanos sustituye a la primera.

Los mongo, son la tercera etnia bantú más importante de la República Democrática del Congo, tras los luba y los kongo. Están divididos en diez clanes: Bolia, Bokote, Bongandu, Ekonda, Mbole, Ndengese, Nkutu, Ntomba, Sengele and Songomeno.

Painter: Copley John Singleton Part 2

Colonel Fitch and His Sisters. 1800-1801. Oil on canvas.

Daniel Crommelin Verplanck. 1771. Oil on canvas.125.7 x 101.6 cm. The Metropolitan Museum. USA

Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal. 1767. Oil on canvas. 128 x 104 cm. National Gallery

Eleazer Tyng. 1772. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

John Singleton Copley (clic here Wiki)
(1738[1] – 1815) was an American painter, born presumably in Boston, Massachusetts and a son of Richard and Mary Singleton Copley, both Irish. He is famous for his portrait paintings of important figures in colonial New England, depicting in particular middle-class subjects. His paintings were innovative in their tendency to depict artifacts relating to these individuals' lives.

Epes Sargent. c. 1760. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

John Singleton Copley (clic aqui Wiki) (alrededor del 3 de julio de 17389 de septiembre de 1815) fue un artista estadounidense famoso por sus retratos de figuras importantes de la Nueva Inglaterra colonial, en particular hombres y mujeres de clase media. Sus retratos fueron innovadores en que tendían a mostrar a los sujetos con objetos que aportaban información sobre sus vidas.

Painter: Copley John Singleton part 1

Mrs. Richard Skinner (Dorothy Wendell). 1772. Oil on canvas. 101 x 77 cm.

Ascension. 1775. Oil on canvas. 81 x 73 cm. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA

Baron Graham. 1804. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

Boy with Squirrel (Henry Pelham). 1765. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA

Charles Pelham. 1753-54. Oil on canvas. Private collection.

Music: Chopin Nocturne Op.27 No.1 (Arthur Rubinstein)

Music: Rubinstein plays Chopin Nocturne Op.9 no.1 in B flat Minor

Music: Edvard Grieg - I Love You

Argentina: Old Buenos Aires 2, Argentina: Antigua Buenos Aires 2

Colectivo 1920




Entrada al puerto de Buenos Aires

Botany: Bonsai Part 3

Music: The Beatles. Michelle

Actors: James Cagney

Andy Warhol, James Cagney

A lion is in the streets

West Poin Story

Rita and Cagney

White Heat

'G' Men (1935), Keighley

Model, early 1930

James Francis Cagney, Jr. (clic here Wiki) (July 17, 1899 – March 30, 1986) was an American film actor. Although he won acclaim and major awards for a wide variety of roles,[2] he is best remembered for playing "tough guys."[3] In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked him eighth among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time.[4]

For his first performing role, he danced dressed as a woman in the chorus line of the 1919 revue Every Sailor. After several years in vaudeville, Cagney continued as a hoofer and comedian until his first major acting role in 1925. He secured several other roles, receiving good reviews before landing the lead role the 1929 play Penny Arcade. After rave reviews for his acting, Warners signed him on an initial $500 a week, three week contract to reprise his role, which was quickly extended to a seven year contract.

Cagney's seventh film, The Public Enemy, became one of the most influential gangster movies of the period. Notable for its famous grapefruit scene, the film thrust Cagney into the spotlight, making him one of Warners' and Hollywood's biggest stars. In 1938 he received his first Academy Award for Best Actor nomination for Angels with Dirty Faces, before winning in 1942 for his portrayal of George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy.[5] He was nominated a third time in 1955 for Love Me or Leave Me. Cagney retired for 20 years in 1961, spending time on his farm before returning for a part in Ragtime mainly to aid his recovery from a stroke.

Cagney walked out on Warners several times over his career, each time coming back on improved personal and artistic terms. In 1935 he sued Warners for breach of contract and won; this marked one of the first times an actor had beaten the studios on a contract issue. He worked for an independent film company for a year while the suit was settled, and also established his own production company, Cagney Productions in 1942 before returning to Warners again four years later. Jack Warner called him "The Professional Againster",[6] in reference to Cagney’s refusal to be pushed around. Cagney also made numerous morale-boosting tours of troops before and during World War II, and was President of the Screen Actors Guild for two years.

Taxi film. Image by Bettmann-Corbys

White Heat. Virginia Mayo James Cagney

James Francis Cagney Jr (clic aqui Wiki) (17 de julio de 1899 - 30 de marzo de 1986),[1] conocido como James Cagney, fue un actor de cine estadounidense.

James Cagney fue una de las grandes estrellas del cine norteamericano. Pasó a la historia del cine por sus interpretaciones de gángster. Destacó en la década de los años 30 del siglo XX en la empresa cinematográfica Warner Bros y mantuvo su relevancia durante los años cuarenta y cincuenta.

Su primera película importante fue El enemigo público de William A. Wellman. Volvió a realizar el papel de gángster en dos películas dirigidas por Raoul Walsh: Los violentos años veinte y, sobre todo, en Al rojo vivo, donde dirá su frase más famosa, "En la cima del mundo, mamá".

Pero Cagney fue un actor muy versátil que intervino en toda clase de películas, desde comedias hasta dramas, pasando por westerns e incluso adaptaciones de obras de Shakespeare. Destacan en su filmografía "Desfile de candilejas", "El guapo", "Ha entrado un fotógrafo" y Ángeles con caras sucias, en los años treinta.

En los cuarenta continuó siendo uno de los actores favoritos del público y continuó participando en grandes películas. Una de boxeo, llamada "Ciudad de conquista", y la biografía idealizada de Yanqui Dandy, interpretación con la que ganó el Óscar al mejor actor. Este éxito le hizo romper con la Warner y fundar su propia productora, con la que no obtuvo ningún éxito por lo que tuvo que volver a la productora de los hermanos Warner.

En los cincuenta volvió a trabajar en algunas grandes películas como el "León de las calles", "Ámame o déjame", "Escala en Hawái" o "El hombre de las mil caras". Finalmente, acabó su carrera temporalmente en 1961, cuando protagonizara la comedia "Uno, dos, tres", dirigida por Billy Wilder.

En 1981 volvió a actuar en Ragtime, donde de nuevo demostró su gran talento interpretativo. Fue su última película. Le sobrevivió su esposa Frances Vernon con la que se había casado en 1922.