domingo, 23 de junio de 2013

NASA: US - Fires - Silver Fire. New Mexico - Black Forest Blaze is Colorado’s Most Destructive - 23.06.13


Silver Fire, New Mexico
acquired June 10, 2013 download large image (1 MB, JPEG, 2000x1600)
acquired June 10, 2013 download GeoTIFF file (5 MB, TIFF)
acquired June 10, 2013 download Google Earth file (KMZ)
Extreme drought fueled wildfires in New Mexico during June 2013. With fires already burning in northern New Mexico, another intense fire emerged in the southern part of the state in Gila National Forest on June 7, 2013.
Lightning ignited the Silver Fire in a rugged, forested area east of of Silver City, New Mexico. On June 10, 2013, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this image of the fire. Red outlines indicate hot spots where MODIS detected unusually warm surface temperatures that are associated with fires.
According to firefighting agencies in New Mexico, the Silver Fire had spread across nearly 6,700 acres (2,700 hectares) by by the morning of June 11. The fires were being fought by 350 firefighters on the ground and by helicopters.
An assessment of wildfire vulnerability issued by the National Interagency Fire Center in early June pointed out that much of the New Mexico had received less than half the normal amount of rain in May. About 82 percent of the state was in either extreme or exceptional drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. New Mexico will be at a high risk of wildfire throughout the hot and dry month of June, but wetter conditions should arrive in July when weather patterns shift and the North American monsoon brings more rain to the state.
NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE/EOSDIS MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Adam Voiland.
Instrument: 
Terra - MODIS

Wildfires in New Mexico
acquired June 11, 2013 download large image (4 MB, JPEG, 3400x4400)
On June 11, 2013, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image of the Tres Lagunas fire and Las Conchas fire burning in New Mexico near Santa Fe. Red outlines indicate hot spots where MODIS detected unusually warm surface temperatures associated with fires. The light spots within the smoke plumes appear to be pyrocumulus clouds.
NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Adam Voiland.
Instrument: 
Aqua - MODIS

Black Forest Blaze is Colorado’s Most Destructive
acquired June 12, 2013 download large image (5 MB, JPEG, 3800x4600)
acquired June 12, 2013 download GeoTIFF file (29 MB, TIFF)
Black Forest Blaze is Colorado’s Most Destructive
acquired June 12, 2013 download large image (6 MB, JPEG, 3800x4600)
acquired June 12, 2013 download GeoTIFF file (30 MB, TIFF)
acquired June 12, 2013 download Google Earth file (KMZ)
When the National Interagency Fire Center released its 2013 wildfire outlook in early June, it did not forecast unusually high fire risk for Colorado. Most of the Rockies received some relief from drought during the spring, so there was hope that this year’s fire season would be more manageable than the last.
But then the heat arrived. Temperatures soared above 100°F (38 °C) in Denver on June 11, the earliest it has ever reached triple digits. That heat, along with gusty winds and drought-parched forests, came together to produce the Black Forest fire, the most destructive the state has ever seen. By the afternoon of June 13, the fire had destroyed 360 homes and damaged 14 others. The Waldo Canyon fire, Colorado’s most destructive prior to the Black Forest fire, destroyed 346 homes.
The Black Forest fire began on June 11 in a densely-wooded area north of Colorado Springs, Colorado. On June 12, 2013, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites captured these images of the fire about 20 miles (30 kilometers) northeast of Colorado Springs. The Terra image (top) was collected at 12:05 p.m. Mountain Daylight Time, and the Aqua image (lower) was collected at 1:40 p.m. MDT. Red outlines indicate hot spots where MODIS detected the unusually warm surface temperatures associated with fires.
According to firefighting agencies in Colorado, the Black Forest fire had spread through 15,000 acres (6,000 hectares) by the afternoon of June 13. Hundreds of people on the ground and numerous water-dropping helicopters and planes were fighting the blaze, but it remained zero percent contained on the afternoon of June 13. More than 38,000 people had been forced to evacuate their homes. Tens of thousands more people coped with elevated air pollution levels because of the fires.
NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Adam Voiland.
Instrument: 
Terra - MODIS

Wildfires in Colorado
acquired June 11, 2013 download large image (4 MB, JPEG, 3400x4400)
On June 11, 2013, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image of the Royal Gorge, Big Meadows, and Black Forest fires burning in Colorado. Red outlines indicate hot spots where MODIS detected unusually warm surface temperatures associated with fires.
NASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC. Caption by Adam Voiland.
Instrument: 
Aqua - MODIS


NASA: US - Fires - Silver Fire. New Mexico - Black Forest Blaze is Colorado’s Most Destructive - 23.06.13





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