domingo, 27 de octubre de 2013

Music: Johann Sebastian Bach - The Italian Concerto BWV 971 - Grigory Lipmanovich Sokolov (Piano - 1999) - Concerto data - Bio data Eng-Esp

Bach Concerto Italiano Sokolov 2011

The Italian Concerto, BWV 971, original title: Concerto nach Italienischem Gusto (Concerto after the Italian taste), published in 1735 as the first half of Clavier-Übung II (the second half being the French Overture) is a three-movement concerto for two-manual harpsichord solo composed by Johann Sebastian Bach. The Italian Concerto has become popular among Bach's keyboard works, and has been widely recorded both on the harpsichord and the piano.


    Without tempo indication

The Italian Concerto's two lively F major outer movements, in ritornello style, frame a florid arioso-style movement in D minor, the relative minor.

An Italian concerto relies upon the contrasting roles of different groups of instruments in an ensemble; Bach imitates this effect by creating contrasts using the forte and piano manuals of a two-manual harpsichord throughout the piece. In fact, along with the French Overture and some of the Goldberg Variations, this is one of the few works by Bach which specifically require a 2-manual harpsichord.

Bach also transcribed Italian concertos by Vivaldi and others for solo harpsichord (BWV 972-987), and for solo organ or pedal harpsichord (BWV 592-596)

Grigory Lipmanovich Sokolov (en ruso Григо́рий Ли́пманович Соколо́в) es un concertista de piano, a menudo considerado como uno de los mejores pianistas con vida. Nació en San Petersburgo, Rusia, el 18 de abril de 1950.1


Sokolov comenzó sus estudios de piano a la edad de cinco años y accedió al conservatorio de San Petersburgo a la edad de siete, donde estudió con Leah Zelikhman y con Moisey Khalfin posteriormente. A la edad de doce ofreció su primer gran recital en Moscú, donde interpretó piezas de Bach, Beethoven, Schumann, Chopin, Mendelssohn, Mendelssohn, Skriabin, Liszt, Debussy y Shostakóvich en la Philharmonic Society.2 A la edad de dieciséis años, captó la atención internacional cuando el jurado del Concurso Internacional Tchaikovski en su edición de 1966 presidido por Emil Gilels le concedió por unanimidad la Medalla de Oro. Al parecer, la decisión resultó ser una sorpresa: "el pequeño Grisha Sokolov de tan solo dieciséis años había resultado ganador en aquella competición y, sin embargo, nadie lo tomó en serio en aquella época."3

A pesar del prestigio internacional obtenido tras ganar el Concurso Internacional Chaikovski, la carrera internacional de Sokolov no despegó hasta finales de 1980.

Grigory Lipmanovich Sokolov (Russian: Григо́рий Ли́пманович Соколо́в; born April 18, 1950 in Leningrad[1]) is a Russian concert pianist, often considered one of the greatest living pianists.[2][3]


Sokolov began studying the piano at the age of five, entering the Leningrad Conservatory at age seven to study with Leah Zelikhman, later studying there with Moisey Khalfin. At 12, he gave his first major recital in Moscow, in a concert of works by Bach, Beethoven, Schumann, Chopin, Mendelssohn, Rachmaninoff, Scriabin, Liszt, Debussy, and Shostakovich at the Philharmonic Society.[4] At age 16, he came to international attention when the jury at the 1966 International Tchaikovsky Piano Competition, headed by Emil Gilels, unanimously awarded him the Gold Medal. It seems this may have also been a surprising result: "16-year old Grisha Sokolov who finally became the winner of that competition was not taken seriously by anyone at that time."[5]

In fact, despite the international prestige of his Tchaikovsky Competition success, Sokolov's international career began to take off only towards the end of the 1980s. It has been said [6] that his not defecting, and the limited travelling allowed under the Soviet Regime were to blame. This is contradicted by the fact[4] that Sokolov gave US tours in 1969, 1971, 1975, and 1979, as well as numerous recitals elsewhere in the world such as Finland and Japan. "Sokolov's life as a touring soloist is quite overcrowded. He tours a great deal in both his motherland and abroad."[4]

The 1980s seem to have proved something of a stumbling-block to Sokolov's career in the US. "In the beginning, I played a lot of single concerts in America, in 1969, '71 and, I think, 1975. After that there was a break in relationships between the U.S. and the Soviet Union--they were disconnected by the Afghanistan War. One tour in the U.S. was canceled in 1980. Then all cultural agreements between the two countries were cancelled."[7] In addition, during the breakup of the former Soviet Union, Sokolov played no concerts outside Russia.[8] He is now a well-known figure in concert halls around Europe, but much less so in the U.S.[9] Sokolov produces very few recordings; his last CD was released in 1995.[9]

In March 2009, it was reported that Sokolov cancelled a planned concert in London because of British visa requirements demanding that all non-EU workers provide fingerprints and eye prints with every visa application (he also cancelled his 2008 concert on seemingly similar grounds). Sokolov protested that such requirements had echoes of Soviet oppression.[10]


When asked, Sokolov cited the following pianists as having inspired him in his years of studies: "Of those whom I heard on the stage I'd like to name first of all Emil Gilels. Judging by the records, it was Rachmaninoff, Sofronitsky, Glenn Gould, Solomon [and] Lipatti. As to esthetics, I feel most close to Anton Rubinstein."[4]


The 10 CDs (2 of Bach, 2 of Beethoven, 2 of Schubert, 2 of Chopin, 1 of Brahms, and 1 of Scriabin, Rachmaninoff, and Prokofiev; all recorded by the label Opus 111) and 1 DVD (a live recital in Paris) that are currently (2011) available for Sokolov constitute a snap-shot of the repertoire that Sokolov has so far performed. A more complete repertoire listing is as follows:


    Concerto for violin, piano and percussion
    Sonatas No's 1 & 2


    Art of Fugue
    English Suite No.2
    Fantasy & Fugue in a minor, BWV 904
    French Suite No.3
    Goldberg Variations
    Italian Concerto in F major, BWV 971
    Overture in the French style, BWV 831
    Partitas Nos. 2, 4 & 6
    Sonata in A-min after Reinken's Hortus Musicus 1–5, BWV760
    Toccata in E minor, BWV 914
    Well-Tempered Clavier Book I, 1–8
    Well-Tempered Clavier Book II

    BACH-SILOTI Prelude in b-min
    BACH-BRAHMS Chaconne for the left-hand BWV1004
    BACH-BUSONI "Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesus Christ" BWV639
    BACH-BUSONI "Nun freut euch, lieben Christen g’mein" BWV734


    Sonatas Nos. 2, 3, 4, 7, 9–11, 13–17 & 27–32
    Diabelli Variations
    Concertos Nos. 1 & 5
    Rondos Op.51 & Op.129


    Sonata No.1 in C major, Op.1
    Sonata No.3 in F minor, Op.5
    4 Ballades Op.10
    Piano Concerto No.1 in D minor, Op.15
    Variations on a Theme by Handel Op. 24
    2 Rhapsodies Op.79
    Piano Concerto No.2 in B-flat major, Op.83
    8 Fantasies Op.116
    6 Klavierstücke, Op.118 - no.1 Intermezzo in A minor; no.2 Intermezzo in A major; no.6 Intermezzo in E flat minor
    3 Intermezzi Op.117


    Pavan & Galliard MB52
    Alman MB11
    Prelude MB12
    Clarifica me Pater (II) MB48
    Qui Passe MB19
    March before the Battle MB93
    Battle MB94
    Galliard for Victory MB95

    CARVALHO-SOKOLOV Toccata and Andante in G


    Ballade No.4 in F minor, Op.52
    Concertos Nos. 1 & 2
    Etude Op.10 No.8
    Etudes Op.25
    Fantasie-Impromptu Op.66
    Fantasy Op.49
    Impromptus Op.29, Op.36 & Op.51
    Mazurkas Op.7 No.2, Op.17 No.4, Op.30 Nos. 1–4, Op.33 No.4, Op.50 Nos. 1–3, Op.63 Nos. 1–3, Op.68 #Nos. 2–4, Op.posth
    Nocturnes Op.32 Nos. 1 & 2, Op.48 Nos. 1 & 2, Op.62 Nos. 1&2, Op.72, Op.posth
    Polonaise-Fantasie Op.61
    Polonaises Op.26 Nos. 1 & 2, Op.40 No.2, Op.44, Op.53, Op.posth.
    Preludes Op.28
    Sonatas Nos. 2 & 3
    Waltz No.17 Op.posth


    Le Tic-Toc-Choc ou les Maillotins
    Pieces de clavecin Book III Ordre XIII & Ordre XVIII


    Canope (from Preludes, Book II, No.10)


    Prelude, Chorale & Fugue


    Toccata FbWV101
    Canzon FbWV301
    Fantasia FbWV201
    Ricercar FbWV411
    Capriccio FbWV508
    Partita FbWV610


    Piano Sonatas Hob XVI: 23, 37 & 34


    Six Dances


    La Campanella
    Rhapsodie Espagnole


    Concertos Nos. 23 & 24
    Sonatas KV.280, KV.310, KV.332 & KV.457
    Fantasy KV.475


    Concerto No.1
    Sonatas Nos. 3, 7 & 8


    Concertos Nos. 2 & 3
    Preludes Op2 No.3, Op.23 Nos. 1–8 & 10, Op.32 No.5


    Suite in D de pièces de clavecin (1724) — in his repertory in 2012
    Suite in G/g de pièces de clavecin (1726) — in his repertory before 2012
    "Le rappel des oiseaux" & "Tambourin" from Suite in E minor (1724)


    Gaspard de la nuit
    Oiseaux Tristes (From Miroirs)
    Tombeau de Couperin


    Concerto No.2


    Two Pieces Op.33


    Impromptus D.899 Nos. 1–4, D.935 Nos. 1 & 2, D.946 Nos. 1–3
    Moment Musicaux D.780
    Sonatas D537, D.664, D.784, D.850, D.894, D.958, D.959 & D.960
    Wanderer Fantasy


    Carnaval Op.9
    Sonata No.1 in F-sharp minor, Op.11
    Sonata No.2 in G minor, Op.22
    Sonata No.3 in F minor, Op.14
    Kreisleriana Op.16
    Fantasie Op.17
    Arabesque Op.18
    Humoresque Op.20
    Novelletten Op.21 nos. 2, 7 & 8
    4 Klavierstücke (Scherzo, Gigue, Romance and Fughette) Op.32
    Variations in E-flat on an Original Theme, WoO 24, "Geister Variations"


    Caresse Dansee Op.57 No.2
    Dèsir Op.57 No.1
    Enigme Op.52 No.2
    Etudes Op.2 No.1, Op.8, Op.42 Nos. 4 & 5
    Feuillet d’Album Op.45 No.1
    Poème fantastique Op.45 No.2
    Poèmes Op.32 No.2, Op.69 Nos. 1 & 2
    Prelude & Nocturne Op.9
    Preludes Op.33 Nos. 1–4, Op.45 No.3, Op.49 No.2 & Op.51 No.2
    Sonatas Nos. 1, 3, 4, 9 & 10
    Vers la flamme Op.72

    SEIXAS-SOKOLOV Toccatas in D & C




    Concerto No.1

Music: Johann Sebastian Bach - The Italian Concerto BWV 971 - Grigory Lipmanovich Sokolov (Piano - 1999) - Concerto data - Bio data Eng-Esp

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