Super Typhoon Haiyan (locally named Yolanda) made its first landfall at 4:40 a.m. local time (20:40 Universal Time) on November 7. Preliminary reports suggested the storm roared ashore near Guinan (Samar Province), where ground stations recorded sustained winds of 235 kilometers (145 miles) per hour and gusts to 275 kilometers (170 miles) per hour. According to remote sensing data from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, sustained winds approached 315 kph (195 mph) just three hours before landfall, with gusts to 380 kph (235 mph).
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this natural color image of Super Typhoon Haiyan over the Philippines. The image was acquired at 2:10 p.m. local time (5:10 UTC) on November 8, 2013, when winds were estimated to be 270 kph (165 mph). The storm made landfall five different times as it skirted through the chain of islands. Click here to see the monster storm on November 7, before it roared ashore.
Preliminary reports from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council declared that four people had died and seven were injured. However, cities and villages in the hardest hit areas of Leyte and Samar were cut off from most ground transportation and some communications. A storm surge of roughly 5 meters (17 feet) was expected in the coastal city of Tacloban on Leyte; much of the local elevation is about 10 feet above sea level.
Reports noted that as many as one million people took refuge in temporary shelters before the storm hit. Eduardo del Rosario from the disaster response agency told the Associated Press that a typhoon of similar strength killed 508 people and left 246 missing when it hit the Philippines in 1990. The nation has developed extensive plans for storm evacuations and warnings over the past two decades.
Haiyan (Yolanda) is the 24th tropical storm to affect the island nation in 2013. It is now headed west toward Vietnam, where it is likely to arrive as a category 1 or 2 typhoon.
References and Related Reading
- Associated Press, via Yahoo News (2013, November 8) Year's strongest typhoon blasts Philippines. Accessed November 8, 2013.
- NASA Hurricanes/Tropical Cyclones (2013) Haiyan (Northwestern Pacific Ocean). Accessed November 8, 2013.
- Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Tropical Cyclone Update. Accessed November 8, 2013.
- Philippine Inquirer News (2013, November 8) 3 dead as supertyphoon lashes Philippines. Accessed November 8, 2013.
- Philippine Inquirer News (2013, November 8) Strongest typhoon makes fifth landfall. Accessed November 8, 2013.
- The Washington Post (2013, November 8) Super Typhoon Haiyan: One of the World's Most Powerful Storms in History from Space. Accessed November 8, 2013.
- WeatherUnderground (2013, November 7) Superer Typhoon Haiyan: Strongest Landfalling Tropical Cyclone on Record. Accessed November 8, 2013.
- Aqua - MODIS
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